Saturday, June 5, 2010

Profile - Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono

Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono became Indonesia's first directly-elected president in October 2004.

His first year in office was marked by major earthquakes - including the one that caused the Indian Ocean tsunami which killed more than 130,000 people in Aceh - an outbreak of polio, avian flu and more bombs in Bali.

He courted unpopularity by cutting subsidies on fuel - allowing the price to rise - but was then able to raise the subsidies again when global prices fell.

A healthy pay rise for civil servants, a negotiated end to the long-running separatist conflict in Aceh and avoidance of the worst effects of the global financial crisis helped ensure he ended his first term with a large groundswell of support.

Mr Yudhoyono has also overseen cash handouts to millions of Indonesia's poor, and restored the country's rice self-sufficiency for the first time in two decades - ensuring price stability for the staple crop.

He is also credited with spearheading a crackdown by the independent Corruption Eradication Commission, or KPK, that has seen several high-profile figures prosecuted, including a relative of Mr Yudhoyono.

East Timor questions

The man dubbed "the thinking general" was born in 1949 in East Java.

The son of a retired army lieutenant, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono graduated from Indonesia's military academy in 1973.

Two years later Indonesian security forces invaded East Timor. As he rose through the ranks, Mr Yudhoyono completed several tours of duty in the territory. By the time of East Timor's violent transition to independence in 1999, he had been promoted to Chief of Territorial Affairs.

As such he would have reported directly to Gen Wiranto, the former head of the armed forces who has now been indicted for war crimes by a special tribunal in East Timor.

But there has never been any attempt to bring charges against Mr Yudhoyono.

His supporters say he was not part of the inner circle of military commanders accused of allowing the violence to spread.

Honorary award

In fact, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono never quite achieved the highest levels in the military to which he aspired.

His four-star general status was an honorary award given to him when he left the army to join the government of Abdurrahman Wahid in 2000.

He started as minister for mines but was soon promoted to chief minister for security and political affairs.

A year later he found himself in conflict with his boss. Facing impeachment, President Wahid asked Mr Yudhoyono to declare a state of emergency. Mr Yudhoyono declined, and promptly lost his job.

In March 2004, history repeated itself. Mr Yudhoyono, reappointed as senior political and security minister under President Megawati, stepped down after a very public spat with the president and her husband.

Being forced from office under successive presidents seems to have enhanced Mr Yudhoyono's reputation as a man of principle, willing to sacrifice his own ambitions for the values he believes in.

24 comments:

冠宛君中 said...

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rlkris said...

失去金錢的人,失去很多;失去朋友的人,失去更多;失去信心的人,失去所有。............................................................

誠紋 said...

Never put off till tomorrow what may be done today...................................................................

宛齊陳 said...

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柏強 said...

河水永遠是相同的,可是每一剎那又都是新的。......................................................................

泓發 said...

成熟,就是有能力適應生活中的模糊。.................................................................

王名仁 said...

It takes all kinds to make a world.............................................................

婉婷 said...

Quality is better than quantity.............................................................

溫緯李娟王季 said...

工作,是愛的具體化~~~~努力吧!............................................................

佩璇佩璇 said...

甘巴嗲!祝你愈來愈好!............................................................

婉婷 said...

噴泉的高度,不會超過它的源頭。一個人的事業也是如此,它的成就絕不會超過自己的信念。..................................................................

建佑建佑 said...

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楊儀卉 said...

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吳庭 said...

forgive others but not yourself...................................................

賴靜趙喜妤雯 said...

要在憂患恥辱的環境裡,創造我們自力更生的新生活。..................................................

吳家達張怡萱張怡萱 said...

所有的資產,在不被諒解時,都成了負債............................................................

王陳虹霞文均 said...

人不能像動物一樣活著,而應該追求知識和美德............................................................

恭v秋昀嘉 said...

Learn wisdom by the follies of others.............................................................

蔡曼鄭美玉屏 said...

良言一句三冬暖,惡語傷人六月寒。......................................................................

偉曹琬 said...

相見亦無事,不來常思君......................................................................

怡張樺怡張樺怡張樺 said...

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于庭吳 said...

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小草 said...

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阿袁袁袁袁華 said...

看到大家都留言-我也忍不住說聲---加油..................................................